What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a disease, that affects the bones of the body and it may cause fractures (overall in the spine, hip or wrist), because the creation of new bone doesn’t keep up with the removal of old bone. The bones, in fact, become weak, thin and fragile and this condition causes the risk of fractures, with negative consequences in quality patient’s life.
According to the National Osteoporosis Foundation, today there are 10 million people that have osteoporosis and almost 34 million people have low bone density, so they are a risk for osteoporosis and broken bones.
But what causes osteoporosis?
The process, that allows to grow and repair bones of body, slows as you get older. Bones, in fact, stop growing until 16-18 years old, while the density until 20s, then, from about the age of 35, bones gradually lose the density. This process in normal part of aging, but some people it can lead to osteoporosis. They are persons that maybe have a family history of osteoporosis; with smoking or drinking habit, with an overactive thyroid glad (hyperthyroidism); in menopause period, malabsorption problems… The use of steroid in the past ca be also a cause of this pathology
The osteoporosis influence the life of person, that have always the risk to break bones and to have disability.
The first sign for osteoporosis is a fracture, until this experiences the doctor can not have suspects of this disease. To make the diagnosis the doctor must prescribe the DEXA scan exam to analyze the bone mineral density and then blood and urine tests to determinate the level of disease and decide the treatment.
Osteoporosis treatment is based on preventing fractures (so with tips to avoid risky behaviors) and pharmaceutical with the prescription of medication to strengthen the bones.